also referred to as Dixieland music, hot jazz got its name from its blazing tempos and fiery improvisations. It originated in New Orleans in the early 1900s, but Louis Armstrong
’s early bands helped spread hot jazz’ blend of ragtime, blues, and brass band marches to Chicago and New York. Hot jazz remained popular until a surge in swing
bands in the 1930s pushed hot jazz groups out of the clubs. The typical instrumentation in a hot jazz ensemble included trumpet, clarinet, trombone, tuba, banjo, and drums.