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Upright Bass

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The upright bass is a wooden, four-stringed instrument used to play low notes.
Upright Bass Jazz Instrument
© Getty Images
In classical settings, the instrument is played with a bow made of wood and horse hair, and dragged along the strings to create long, sustained pitches. In jazz however, the instrument's strings are typically plucked, giving it an almost percussive quality. The bass provides the foundation for the harmony in the rhythm section, as well as the rhythmic pulse throughout.

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